Kwashiorkor vs Marasmus: What is the difference between Kwashiorkor and Marasmus?


USMLE Protein-Energy Malnutrition diseases: Kwashiorkor vs Marasmus


1. Causes of Kwashiorkor vs Marasmus

Daily, our body needs energy in the form of calories from food and water to function adequately. Our bodies also need certain amount of nutrients every day to function properly and maintain our health. Nutrients can come in the form of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and much more. When our bodies do not gain enough calories or nutrients, we may become undernourished or malnourished. Malnutrition is the main concept that is involved in both of these two diseases, Kwashiorkor and Marasmus for espeically young pediatric patients from impoverished and developing nations.

Patients with Kwashiorkor are protein-deficient.

Kwashiorkor Causes: Malnutrition of protein; big emphasis on protein. Protein Malnutrition

Marasmus Causes: Malnutrition in general, including proteins, carbohydrates, fat, etc; Energy Malnutrition

Patients with Kwashiorkor are not getting enough protein in their energy intakeā€¦

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